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Ibiza’s average temperature rises by more than 1 degree Celsius as the island approaches a dangerous tipping point

Home / News / Ibiza’s average temperature rises by more than 1 degree Celsius as the island approaches a dangerous tipping point
Home / News / Ibiza’s average temperature rises by more than 1 degree Celsius as the island approaches a dangerous tipping point
Ibiza’s average temperature rises by more than 1 degree Celsius as the island approaches a dangerous tipping point

The IbizaPreservation Sustainability Observatory and the state Sustainability Observatory warn that the island is approaching temperature rises considered high risk

Ibiza, 26-03-22 – On World Climate Day, an analysis of the increase in temperatures on the island by IbizaPreservation’s Sustainability Observatory in collaboration with the statewide Sustainability Observatory has concluded that there has been a temperature increase of 1.07 ºC since the beginning of last century (i.e. pre-industrial levels) until 2018, rising from 17.69 degrees Celsius to 18.73 degrees Celsius.

This figure, which at first glance may not seem overly significant, is actually a climate change risk as the island approaches 1.5 degrees Celsius of warming, a tipping point after which the consequences will be much more catastrophic, according to the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Indeed, the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change requires that global warming be kept well below two degrees Celsius, and that efforts be pursued to further limit the increase to 1.5 degrees.

At the municipal level, the data analysed by both Observatories, covering the period between 1961 and 2018, show that Santa Eulària is the municipality with the greatest increase in average temperature, specifically 1.64 degrees Celsius. It is followed by Sant Antoni, with an increase of 1.6 degrees Celsius and Eivissa, with 1.55 degrees Celsius. On the other hand, Sant Josep is the municipality with the smallest increase in its average temperature in the time period under review, i.e. 1.35 degrees Celsius. In Sant Joan the increase was 1.43 degrees Celsius. At the same time, the island of Formentera has increased its average temperature by 1.43 degrees Celsius since 1961.

The Mediterranean basin is one of the hotspots of climate change and ground zero in Europe according to the latest IPCC report of February 2022, which is more forceful than ever and states that the impacts “hit” this region “harder than other parts of the world”.  Rising sea levels, more intense heat waves and droughts, increased rates of forest fires, loss of ecosystems and impacts on health and food security are effects that are already being observed and will intensify. For all these reasons, both Observatories state that the scientific evidence is unequivocal: climate change is a threat to human well-being and the health of the planet.

According to Dr. Fernando Prieto, the coordinator of Spain’s statewide Observatory of Sustainability, “these data force us to consider the absolute urgency of reducing emissions on the island and above all to adapt in a resilient manner to the new climate change scenario, whose effects, such as rising temperatures, are already occurring.” This entity, which has recently begun to collaborate with the IbizaPreservation Sustainability Observatory, seeks to be a reference and a source of independent and impartial analysis and scientific data of the highest quality, based on the best available science, on sustainability issues in order to provide solutions to the climate crisis and other socio-environmental and economic aspects.

In this regard, it is worth remembering that the Balearic Islands are in a climate emergency declared on the 8th November 2019 by the Balearic Regional Government. From the point of view of the Ibiza Sustainability Observatory, “the need to take drastic measures aimed at decarbonising the atmosphere and the transition to sustainable energy models is more urgent than ever. We need courageous policies and a profound cultural change,” stresses Itziar Arratibel, technical coordinator of the Ibiza Sustainability Observatory.

For all these reasons, both researchers conclude that “all the necessary strategies must be adopted urgently, both for mitigation and adaptation to climate change.” As they claim: “Ibiza can and must implement actions in terms of energy transition and water efficiency, reduction of consumption patterns and commitment to local products, protection and conservation of Posidonia meadows, the reduction and elimination of the use of plastics etc. The sooner we adopt these measures the greater the capacity for adaptation that can be generated.”

The Ibiza Sustainability Observatory will continue to collaborate closely with the state Sustainability Observatory in order to be able to offer new studies and important data that will lead to a better understanding of the socio-environmental situation of the island and generate greater awareness among institutions and citizens alike.